Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Professor Kumar Bhatt, founder and head of Warwick Manufacturing Group(WMG), and Rob Meakin, a personnel director at Marconi, have developed a partnership to train engineers and managers to BEComee-literate. The New Knowledge Partnership will include a team of 40 Marconi managers in what Professor Bhatt calls electronic engineering management or E2. A wide range of engineering and non-engineering companies has expressed interest in these exciting programs.Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing the business environment to a huge extent. Many chief executives do not understand the power of the new technologies and, in some cases, are actually resisting change. He says that “As long as enough industry leaders realize its potential benefits, e-business will make possible a second productivity revolution in Britain. This could take the economy close to eliminating the still substantial competitiveness gap with its main rivals. Over the last five years in the US there has been a 30% improvement in manufacturing sector productivity because of information technology. In Britain we can achieve more than that and successful e-business will be worth billions to the UK economy.”Already Britain makes more use of computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) and management information technology systems than other European countries, and has a government that actively promotes e-business. But, observes Professor Bhatt, Britain has never used technology as a growth driver. “The thing about electronic engineering management is that you can keep your legacy systems; you just need to link those systems with an information engine. At the touch of a button it will allow project managers to see the status of a project, identify problems precisely and make virtually immediate decisions based on information that will be much more complete than in the past.”
The E2 program is the result of an alliance by the Warwick Manufacturing Group with America’s leading e-commerce study center,Carnegie Mellon. The latter will be responsible for training many of the Marconi managers in America, where the group has half its business. In Britain, Professor Bhatt has linked up with Sun Microsystems, Oracle and Parametric Technology, to set up amulti-million pound E2 design and manufacturing center at theuniversity which will be used for training and research.Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing business tosuch an extent that WMG is likely to be renamed Warwick ElectronicManufacturing Group. But, he warns “The move to globalize because ofe-commerce is racing ahead. Although the net allows British industryto overtake their European peers, it also offers Asian countries toleapfrog(相互超越) the West. For the first time it is not the privilegeof the western world because this technology is universal.”
21.Professor Bhatt and Rob Meakin have developed a method to___.
A) teach electronic engineering management
B) train employees to be acquainted with e-commerce
C) train employees to be engineers and managers
D) teach employees about developing a partnership
22.How does Professor Bhatt feel about many leaders in companies?
A) They do not understand a possible second productivity revolution in Britain.
B) They are excited about change.
C) They are ready for e-business.
D) They sometimes are against the change resulted from new technologies.
23.According to the passage, what do you know about e-business in Britain?
A)E-business has eliminated many competitive rivals.
B)E-business has done many benefits to big companies.
C)Many companies have joined in the E2 business program.
D) E-business has great potential and will make changes in the country.
24.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A) Britain can be competitive to US in the area of information technology.
B) Britain has already taken the advantages of running engineering management.
C) As with many other European countries, Britain has made use of computer-aided systems.
D) E-commerce has offered opportunities to European countries to eliminate the competitiveness gap with all the rivals.
25.WMG would like to change its name because ___.
A)Britain is going to catch up with all other European countries in the field of electronic engineering management
B)business has been influenced so much by e-commerce
C)the e-commerce has offered Asian countries the chance to overtake Britain and the rest of Europe
D)e-business is very popular and will become universal
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Emotional maturity means knowing that another person cannot fill up the hole in your heart. That is your responsibility. You need to love and affirm yourself day-by-day, moment-by-moment. That is the spiritual challenge of your life and everybody’s life. Without your love for yourself, nothing works. No amount of love from your partner is enough. The search for love from other people is like the alcoholic’s search for happiness in a bottle. The more he drinks, the less satisfied he feels and the more he wants to drink.
We are all addicted to falling in love. But after we’ve “fallen” a few times and broken our emotional bones, we hopefully wise up a bit. We know that the high of falling in love is not going to last. We know that sooner or later we will have to get real with each other. That is the difference between romance and partnership. Romance is an attempt to keep the addiction going. It has a very short half-life. Partnership is the dance of two ordinary people learning to live together day by day. It is a very challenging school that we enroll in. It is sometimes a lot more work than play. And it certainly requires a lot more psychological adjustment than years of therapy! We don’t just graduate from this school in a year or two. It takes many years, perhaps even a lifetime, for us to master the curriculum. Your partners are imperfect human beings, just like you. They were not the “wrong” partners any more than you were. Probably, they reflected your own level of realism and emotional maturity. That’s usually the way it works. So don’t waste your time thinking you simply made some bad choices. The only bad choice you made was forgetting who has the full time job loving you. I know that you know who this is !
We keep remembering that they are not perfect, nor we are. Love is not a game of perfection. It is a game of overwhelming imperfection.The amazing thing is that love survives all of our mistaken attempts to control our partners and our relationships.
26.We can conclude from the passage that___.
A) we won’t forget who has the full time loving us
B) love is addictive
C) love from your partner is not enough
D) love lies in the maturity of emotion which is essential to a partnership or relationship
27.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A) To seek for true love, one must be realistic.
B) As long as we are emotionally mature, we can always enjoy the high of falling in love.
C) Love doesn’t die even if we make wrong attempts to control our partners.
D) The more one is loved, the less satisfied he or she feels.
28.It can be inferred from the passage that___.
A) the more we try to control our partners and relationships, the better we can enjoy love
B) the more frequently we fall in love, the more intelligent we’ll be
C) the more emotionally mature a couple are, the more harmonious they will live
D) it’s unrealistic for you to search for true love from others
29.By saying “They were not the ‘wrong’ partners any more than you were.”(Para 3), the author means ___.
A) you chose the wrong partner just as your partner did
B) your partner was not as good as you were
C) you were good partners to each other
D) neither of you is a good partner
30.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A) Some people regret their choices of love partners.
B) In some partnership or relationship, he or she tries to control the other.
C) Through psychological adjustment and therapy, one will feel satisfied with love.
D) Partnership is a school from which it is not easy for us to graduate.